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National Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol - Key Challenges and Practical Ways Forward

The ABS Capacity Development Initiative is supporting a series of activities to facilitate the exchange of experiences with Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) implementation and to support the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol.


In collaboration with the Governments of Brazil, India and South Africa, the ABS Initiative commissioned national studies to review each country’s experiences with Access and Benefit Sharing. Lessons learned from these experiences will inform the global implementation of the Protocol.

National Study on ABS Implementation in Brazil, April 2014

National Study on ABS Implementation in Brazil - Information Document, April 2014

National Study on ABS Implementation in India, April 2014

National Study on ABS Implementation in India - Information Document, April 2014

National Study on ABS Implementation in South Africa, April 2014

These studies provide background information in preparation for two dialogues organized respectively in India and South Africa. In addition, based on these studies comparative tables highlighting key elements of national ABS frameworks in each country were also prepared.


The first Dialogue on Practical Ways Forward for the Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol was hosted by the Government of South Africa on 30-31 January 2014 in Cape Town, South Africa and the second Dialogue on the same topic co-organized with the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India, from 4-6 August 2014 in Goa, India.

Both events served as successful international exchange platforms between representatives from a selection of countries.

The focus of the first dialogue was to learn from past experience with ABS implementation with a view to inform the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol.

The second dialogue dealt with key challenges and the instruments/approaches that are being considered by countries for the implementation of the Protocol, taking into account the lessons learned from past practice and obligations under the Nagoya Protocol.

Vilm ABS Dialogue 2017 & 2018 - Informing about Domestic Measures for Acces to Genetic Resources

Organized by the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation

After entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol and the corresponding Regulation (EU) No. 511/2014, European users of genetic resources are required to "exercise due diligence" to ensure that they have acquired genetic resources or associated traditional knowledge in accordance with the national access procedures of the respective provider country. One of the implementation challenges is the availability of transparent and reliable national access regulations in provider countries. CNAs, as the German Nagoya CNA-Unit of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN), are repeatedly being asked for information and advice in this regard. But the international ABS Clearing-House (ABS-CH) is not yet sufficiently populated and thus does not allow users to gather the relevant information for the vast majority of countries. To counter such legal uncertainties, the Nagoya CNA-Unit of the BfN organized an international exchange of information and experience, the “Vilm ABS Dialogue – Informing about Domestic Measures for Access to Genetic Resources” in 2017 and 2018 at the BfN-branch office on Vilm Island. The conferences gave an opportunity to identify and present best-practices on available, clear and transparent access regulations with representatives of CNAs/National Focal Points (NFPs) of provider countries. The objective of the meetings was to allow users of genetic resources to be better informed by European CNA’s towards countries that have structured, clear, and transparent access measures in place.

Initiates file downloadVILM - ABS DIalogue 2017 - Report (without appendix which can be requested Opens window for sending emailhere)

Initiates file downloadVILM - ABS Dialogue 2018 - Report