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Mediterranean ecosystems are considered to be hotspots of biological diversity, causing ABS implementation to be challenging for North African and Middle Eastern countries. In the face of these challenges, these countries are encouraged to agree on coherent strategies for the preservation of their shared biological heritage. ABS offers concrete perspectives for the conservation and valorization of biological diversity. The regional GIZ-implemented SILVAMED (Silva mediterranea) programme focuses on sustainable forest management in Algeria, Morocco, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey and Tunisia. The ABS Initiative liaised with other donors to explore practical approaches for integrating ABS in their bilateral development cooperation programmes. As a result of these activities, two proposals were developed: a regional ABS project proposal to the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and GIZ SILVAMED and an ABS project proposal for Algeria. The latter is currently being considered by the GIZ environmental programme and UNDP GEF Algeria.