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Evaluation Workshop of the African BCP Initiative

20-22 June 2012, Wa, Ghana

The meeting included a review of the lessons learned from the first year of the African BCP Initiative. The review began with reflection by representatives from each of the communities who engaged in the Biocultural Community Protocol (BCP) process through the initiative. The representatives were also encouraged to reflect on the usefulness of “BCPs: A Toolkit for Community Facilitators” and to propose amendments or additions.

From Ghana, the community of Dafiama is preparing a BCP on Shea conservation and marketing and the community of Tanchara further developed and used for dialogue their BCP on local gold exploration and sacred sites.

From Ethiopia, the community of Sheka Forest is developing a BCP asserting their right to steward the forest.

In Kenya, the Maasai community of Ilkusemeti is preparing a BCP on land use, the Samburu community is extending their BCP on livestock keeping rights, and the communities of Lamu are demanding community inclusion in a major port development planning.

In South Africa, the Kukula Traditional Health Practitioners of Bushbuckridge are using their BCP to consider an access and benefit sharing (ABS) agreement with a cosmetics company.

In Namibia, the community residing in Bwabata National Park is contemplating using a BCP to establish their right to reside and conserve the park.


The review revealed numerous successes and challenges at the community level, and saw the emergence of clear lessons learned that will be vital for participants in continuing their work and deepening their BCP processes for communities developing BCPs. The results are also important for researchers and policy makers around ABS, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and the intersection of human rights and environmental conservation.


The gathering brought together 33 Initiative participants, partners and funders from across Africa and Europe.

The meeting was hosted in partnership with Natural Justice, the Center for Indigenous Knowledge and Organizational Development (CIKOD), and the COMPAS Network for Endogenous Development.