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The UNEP/GEF-4 Capacity Building Project for Africa supported national measures for ABS regulations in Madagascar. Further activities are still being implemented based on financing agreements between the GIZ and the national executing agency SAGE .

To date, communication plans and targeted tools have been developed and used for each stakeholder group. Trainings for key actors have also been held and a gap analysis of existing legislation was conducted. Discussions of the national framework and activities towards revising the existing draft law are well underway. In addition, activities towards a capacity development strategy, an ABS toolkit and Clearing-House-Mechanism have begun.

The Initiative, jointly with the German-Madagascan Programme for the Environment (Programme Almano-Malgache pour l'environnement, PGM-EABS), organizes roundtables with the private sector and supports the development of value chains linking local producers and foreign users of biological and genetic resources, especially in the cosmetics and nutraceutical industries.

The 3rd Pan-African ABS Workshop took place in November 2008 in Madagascar's capital Antsiranana.

Madagascar is also part of a pilot project on the mutually supportive implementation of the Nagoya Protocol and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). The project is funded by DFID under the Darwin Initiative and jointly carried out by the respective focal points of Benin and Madagascar, Bioversity International and the ABS Initiative.