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Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) experiences in relation to protected areas in Australia were an important aspect at a side event of the 2008 meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP-9).

In 2012, Australia provided the ABS Initiative with EUR 250,000 for specific projects and activities in the Pacific region. Also in 2012, the Australian government, jointly with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and the ABS Initiative, organized the Oceania Biodiscovery Forum in Brisbane. Participants from the Pacific Islands deepened their understanding of global standards for the use of genetic resources and the needs and interests of stakeholders. Back-to-back with this Forum a first workshop on Prior Informed Consent (PIC) and Mutually Agreed Terms (MAT) was held and the Initiative organized the first meeting of the Pacific Steering Committee. In addition, based on a series of consultative meetings together with the Australian ABS National Focal Point, recommendations for the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol were developed and submitted to the ABS National Focal Point of Palau.