- ABS - Simply Explained
Pretend you are a business person ...
... in the pharmaceutical field who wants to gain access to specific genetic resources that I claim to own. I am a farmer in another country and give you access to my resources and share my knowledge about their medical value.
In return, you give me a share of the profits made by, after intensive research, commercializing the medicinal drug you derived from these resources. You also promise my government that at least a portion of the research results will be shared. You and I negotiate and agree on the terms of this business deal. This agreement is legally binding. If one of us does not comply with the obligations contained therein, the other party can file a lawsuit. Non-compliance will be punished by law.
But what if you doubt that I am actually the owner of these resources?
What happens if another party, maybe from another country, claims ownership of the same resources?
Who monitors the compliance measures of our agreement?
On which law do we base our agreement?
How can I be sure that you accurately divulge to me the profit you make?
How can you ensure that I give you access to the resources as agreed?
Who has the intellectual property rights to the genetic resource and the drug - you, I or both of us?
The above example illustrates important questions which arise when implementing the third objective of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): "the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources" (ABS).
These questions also demonstrate that Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) is not easy to put into practice. There are more than a few challenges to be met. The 2010 Nagoya Protocol provides important mechanisms and tools in this regard.
While the CBD pushed ABS into the global political limelight, it took 18 years to carve the concept in stone through the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol. This international agreement is without doubt a major milestone in the efforts to ensure justice in the protection and sustainable use of biological and genetic resources worldwide. It is also well integrated into the global context of sustainable development: reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), ensuring food security, supporting the emergence of a Green Economy and establishing North-South Justice.
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- Report - ABS Initiative - Steering Committee Africa 2017 - Version 2017-05-30
- Report - ABS Initiative - Sub-Regional Workshop on Access and Benefit-Sharing for Anglophone African Countries - Version 2017-05-30
- Outline - ABS Initiative - Subregional Workshop on Access and Benefit-sharing for Anglophone African Countries - Version 2017-05-30
- Agenda - ABS Initiative - Subregional Workshop on Access and Benefit-sharing for Anglophone African Countries - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Protection of Traditional Knowledge (TK): Intellectual Property (IP) Considerations - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - Natural Justice - IPLC Involvement in the AU Guidelines on ABS - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - The ABS Clearing-House - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Overview about an IT-Based Online Application and Monitoring System - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - Fridtjof Nansen Institute - Drafting Successful ABS Contracts with a Particular View to Benefit-sharing Clauses - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Valorisation of Genetic Ressources and Associated Traditionnal Knowledge - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - Endorois Welfare Council - Role and Expectations of Endorrois Community in Access and Benefit-sharing - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - Baringo County Government (Kenya) - ABS: Baringo County Government's Experience (Kenya) - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - NEMA - The ABS System in Kenya - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) - Kenya NPIF Soda Lakes Project. ABS Agreements Process and Status in Context of Nagoya Protocol - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Regulatory Frameworks. Comparing & Contrasting Different Countries - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Regulatory Frameworks. From the Perspective of the AU Guidelines - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - AU Commission - AU Guidelines for the Coordinated Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on ABS - Version 2017-05-30
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Setting the Scene. Updates on ABS and the Nagoya Protocol - Version 2017-05-30
- Report - ABS Initiative - Subregional Workshop on Access and Benefit-sharing for Francophone African Countries - Version 2017-05-17
- présentation - Government Côte d'Ivoire - Considérations en Matière de Protection des Connaissances Traditionnelles : Expérience de la Côte d’Ivoire - Version 2017-05-17
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Considérations en matière de protection des connaissances traditionnelles (CT) et de propriété intellectuelle (PI) - Version 2017-05-17
- présentation - FNI - Comment négocier et conclure de bons contrats en matière d’APA- Focus: partage des avantages - Version 2017-05-17
- présentation - ABS Initiative - Introduction à la stratégie devalorisation des ressources génétiques et des connaissances traditionnelles associées - Version 2017-05-17
- présentation - Djeka Pharmaco - Visite de terrain Presentation Djeka Pharmaco - Version 2017-05-17
- présentation - DJEKA Pharmaco - Visite de terrain Appui aux unites de medecine traditionnelle - Version 2017-05-17